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Tariyh

Qazaqstan Reseyge o'z erkimen qosyluynan keyin Orta jy'zdegi handyq biylik a'lsirey ty'sti. Qazaq qoghamynyng damuyna feodaldyq ko'shpeli sharuashylyq, biringghay memlekettik jyiening bolmauy, rular arasyndaghy qaqtyghystar, orta aziyalyq ko'rshilerding jauyngershilik soghystary, handardyng qatal sayasaty keri a'serin tiygizdi. Qalyptasqan jaghday tybegeyli reformany qajet etti.

Orta jy'zding songghy handary Bo'key men Ua'ly qaytys bolghannan keyin XIX ghasyrdyng basynda biylikke kelgen janga handar patsha ykimeti men taghayyndalghan joq. 1822 jyly 22 shildede I Aleksandr qol qoyghan Sibir qyrghyzdary turaly jarlyq boyynsha Orta jyz jangadan qu'rylghan Omby oblysyna endi, a'ri ko'shpendilerdi ishki (Omby, Petropavlovsk, Semey, O'skemen) ja'ne "syrtqy'' aymaqtargha bo'lip tastady. Syrtqy aymaqtar sol jyldary bekitilgen shekaranyng art jaghynda, qazaq dalasynyng eng ty'pki bo'likterinde qaldy.

Sol jyldary Orta jy'zge qazirgi Soltystik-Qazaqstan, Ko'shpeli, Aqmola (Selinograd), Qaraghandy, Jezqazghan, Pavlodar, Semey, Shyghys-Qazaqstan ja'ne Qostanay oblysynyng bir bo'ligi qaraghan.Osy jerlerding barlyghy endi Omby oblysyna qaraytyn boldy.

Aymaqtar bolystar men auyldargha bo'lindi, Auyldy su'ltandar, bolystardy bolys su'ltandary basqardy.Olar ysh jylgha saylandy. Aymaqtardy basqaru y'shin bolystyng su'ltandary osy merzimge agha su'ltandardy taghayyndaydy, olargha ofiserlik shen berildi. Sibir qazaqtary bu'l orta jy'zding jalpy atauy. Qazaqstan Reseyge qosylghannan keyingi jyldary qazaq degen so'z joyylyp, qazaqtardy qyrghyz-qaysaqtar, qyrghyzdar dep atady. Qazaq u'ltynyng aty tek sovet ykimeti tu'synda qaytaryldy. Tariyhy qu'jattardan 1925 jyldary qoldanylyp kelgen terminderdi kezdestiruge bolady.

1824 jyly 8-sa'uirde Batys Sibir general-gubernatory P.M. Kapsevichting bu'yryghymen polkovnik Bronevskyding a'skeri Qarqaraly syrtqy aymaghyn ashady.Sol jyldyng 29-sa'uirinde podpolkovnik Grigorovskyding a'skeri Ko'kshetau syrtqy aymaghyn asnady. Qarqaraly aymaghynyng agha sultany bolyp Bo'keyhannyng tuysy Tu'rsyn Shyngghysu'ly, Ko'kshetau aymaghy boyynsha Ua'ly hannyng u'ly Gabaydulla saylanady. Osy eki syrtqy aymaq eng birinshi bolyp qalyptasty, qalghandary qarjynyng tapshylyghyna baylanysty ashylmay qaldy. Mysaly Aqmola aymaghy tek 1830 jyly qu'ryldy.

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